新视野大学英语 第三版 课后答案 Unit 1 III 1 beneath 2 disguised 3 whistles 4 restrain 5 grasp 6 longing 7 praying 8 faithful 9 pledge 10 drain IV 1 tell „on you 2 track down 3 work it out 4 picking on me 5 reckoned with 6 call on 7 on his own 8 get through 9 in disguise 10 revolves around V G O D I K LB FAN VI 1 advise 2 level 3 problems 4 necessity 5 skills 6 experience 7 solution 8 value 9 tool 10 manner VII 1 air-conditioned(装空调的；有冷气的) 2 handmade（手工制作的） 3 thunderstruck（非常吃 惊的） 4 heartfelt（衷心的；诚挚的） 5 data-based（基于数据的） 6 self-employed（自主 经营的） 7 custom-built（定制的；定做的） 8 weather-beaten（饱经风霜的） VIII 1. well-informed（对„„非常熟悉的） 2 new-found（新获得的） 3 hard-earned（辛苦挣得 的） 4 soft-spoken（说话温柔的） 5 newly-marr（新婚的）6 widely-held（普遍认为的） 7 well-meant（出于好意的） 8 well-educated（受过良好教育的） IX 1 no matter how different it may seem form any other substance 2 no matter what a woman tries to do to improve her situation 3 no matter what excuse he gives 4 no matter what anyone else may think 5 no matter how they rewrite history X 1 just as we gained fame in victory, we lost nothing in defeat 2 just as the head teacher plays a significant role in the school, Jane plays a significant role f leader in the classroom. 3 whoever was out there obviously couldn’t see him just as he couldn’t see them. 4 she has been searching all her life for the perfect chocolate just as I have been searching for the perfect beer. 5 you can make those kinds of comparisons just as you were doing the analyses a minute ago. XI 1. No matter how experienced a speaker you are, and how well you have prepared your speech, you will have difficulty making a speech at such a noisy reception. 2. Just as all his sister’s friends cared about him, Jimmy cared about them. 3. Car manufacturers stamp a vehicle identification number at several places on new cars to help track down stolen vehicles. 4. If you dare tell on me when the teacher gets back I won’t say a word to you any more. 5. Some elderly people prefer to live on their own while the great majority choose to live with
their children. 6. Here is something that needs to be reckoned with: how to get the necessary finances to establish the company. XII 1. 每当有人帮了你，无论事情大小，无论他地位高低，你都应该对他说声“谢谢” 。
XIII 1 B 2 A 3 C 4 A 5 D 6 A 7 D 8 D 9 C 10 B 11 B 12 B 13 A 14 C 15 D 16 C 17 A 18 C 19 D 20 A Unit 2 III 1 moderate 2 consume 3 advisable 4 modif 5 evidence 6 restricted 7 calculate 8 remedy 9 impact 10 sufficient IV 1 bounce back 2 summed up 3 Up to 4 at risk 5 went to zero 6 goes up 7 interfere with 8 derived from 9 In general 10 take in V G KONJACD FI VI 1 cost 2 pollution 3 potential 4 quality 5 chance 6 crime 7 interest 8 efficiency 9 strength 10 creativity VII 1 appearance 2 utterance 3 attendance 4 hindrance 5 maintenance 6 resistance 7 performance 8 existence 9. occurrence 10. acceptance VIII 1. world-famous 2 ice-cold 3 snow-white 4 waterproof 5 waist-deep 6 carefree IX 1 Mr. Howe, my favorite professor, has received a Distinguished Teacher Award. 2 Yesterday I went fishing, something I hadn’t done in years. 3 Some women are normally inactive but then all of a sudden start a program of intense exercise, an action that breaks the laws of sports science. 4 Even a brief visit to Greece, a modern country with ancient civilization, gives you a deep sense of its culture. 5 The ancient Chinese, a people of inventors, discoverers, philosophers, soldiers, poets, craftsmen, gave the world many of its most useful things. X 1 His homework done, his composition written, Larry decided to go and see the film. 2 The manager sat quietly in the office, (his) eyes closed, waiting for the telephone to ring. 3 The room was a mess, empty bottles and beer cans (being) everywhere. 4 When I walked in, Grandpa was sitting at the kitchen table, the newspaper spread before him.
5 Diana stood motionless at the end of the diving board, tears streaming down her cheeks. XI 1. The defendant, a woman of only 30, kept insisting on her own innocence. 2. All tings considered, dates, beans and some leafy green vegetables are the best sources of iron. 3. No beverages are served with meals because they interfere with digestion. 4. Taking the popularity of the region into consideration, it is advisable to book hotels in advance. 5. If you have a feeling of wanting to throw up after taking this drug, stop taking it immediately and consult your doctors as soon as possible. 6. Summing up the discussion, he said both parties should consider the most effective way to solve the problem. XII 1. 作为补救缺铁的一种方法，专家推荐食用肉、鸡和鱼，它们是最好的铁质来源，也是唯 一最容易被身体吸收的铁质来源。
3. 耐力运动员，尤其是女性，经常会缺铁，如果增食肉类食物或服用铁质补剂，能够恢复 到健康状态。
5． 铁质储量低的人应该去咨询医生， 看看是否应通过调整饮食或服用铁质补剂来校正不足。
XIII 1 D 2 C 3 C 4 A 5 D 6 A 7 B 8 D 9 C 10 B 11 A 12 B 13 D 14 A 15 D 16 A 17 D 18 C 19 C 20 A Unit 3 III 1 cultivate 2 comprehensive 3 controversial 4 suspend 5 insulted 6 preliminary 7 conventional 8 reform 9 worthwhile 10 publicity IV 1. His girlfriend’s father saw him as a man who could not make a living. 2. The course was canceled over the students’ protest. 3. The problem is so difficult that we cannot work it out without the help of our teacher. 4. Children tend to do/try their utmost when they know their parents are making similar efforts. 5. The new teaching program didn’t work well in the school at the outset. 6. I was kind of excited when I received the letter that offered me an interview. 7. The school is scheduled to open on September 1. 8. They appeared to offer a free computer, complete with software and a printer. 9. In spite of hardships, they made real efforts that have resulted in more progress than expected. 10. Many people make things more difficult for themselves because they still operate on the principle that you should not ask for help, or you might seem weak. V FMKDCGLOIB VI 1 cold 2 competition 3 debate 4 desire 5 fear 6 heat 7 interest
8 love 9 pleasure 10 enthusiasm VII 1 historic 2 ic 3 optimistic 4 energetic 5 economic 6 heroic VIII 1. responsibility 2. rapidity 3. mobility 4. curiosity 5. publicity 6. complexity IX 1 In Britain, as in America, there is a great demand for educational reform. 2. In Greece, as in Italy, people use a lot of olive oil in cooking. 3. As in the Hyde School, values such as courage, integrity, leadership, curiosity and concern are the first, most important lesson in some public inner-city schools in Maryland. 4. In China, as in Japan, a large number of middle school students take supplementary classes in order to get into a famous university. 5. As in the middle of the 1950s, many young people went down to the countryside in the late 1960s and early 1970s. X 1 Once you’ve practiced a bit, you’ll find that it’s quite easy. 2. Once the meal was finished, the discussions began. 3. Once you show any fear, he will attack you. 4. Once parents make a commitment to the program, they will be daily role models for their children. 5. Once customers come to rely on these systems, they almost never take their business elsewhere. XI 1. In his thinking, as in his behavior, he is very traditional. 2. Once the teachers agree to accept the new teaching program, they have to face the strain it puts on them. 3. In the long run, it is worthwhile to pursue one’s study after graduating from university instead of going to work directly. 4. As the school operates on the Character First principle, moral values and academic achievements are stressed equally. 5. It is said that the meeting, which is scheduled to be held this month, will be put off till next month. 6. The school sees its job as preparing its students for life by cultivating a comprehensive set of principles that can benefit all of them. XII 1. 跟在法国一样，美国在 20 世纪 60 年代也发生过文化革命。
4．快下课时，老师让学生用最后的五分钟来展开激烈的讨论，依照 1—10 的评分标准相互 评价他们当天的课堂表现。
1 B 2 D 3 A 4 B 5 D 6 B 7 A 8 D 9 C 10 B 11 B 12 A 13 C 14 C 15 A 16 B 17 C 18 A 19 D 20 B Unit 4 III 1. inspected 2. assembled 3. exaggerated 4. versions 5. universal 6. approved 7. recruit 8. evolved 9. dedicated 10. solemn IV 1. worked on 2. approve of 3. went ahead 4. for sale 5. come up with 6. refashioned into 7. rise to fame 8. captures my attention 9. evolved from 10. named after V C E F N O KAH LI VI 1. respect 2. influence 3. credit 4. confidence 5. support 6. acceptance 7. fame 8. insight 9. recognition 10. experience VII 1. intelligence 2. consequence 3. significance 4. ignorance 5. indifference 6. competence 7. brilliance 8. magnificence VIII 1. coexists 2. co-director 3. cooperate 4. co-pilot 5. co-author IX 1. Jimmy walked slowly to the corner of the playground, his face covered with tears. 2. The taxi sped away, its lights disappearing into the distance. 3. Their stomachs crying for food, their back burning from too much sun, both boys gathered their things and headed for home. 4. Barbara just lay there, her mouth trembling, her eyes unfocused, unable to say a word. 5. Then the two players let him fall to the track, his chest landing first, his head following, bouncing, and finally lying still. X 1 Most snakes, although with a threatening appearance, aren’t really dangerous if you leave them alone. 2. Women, even though with the same abilities, have failed to approach the income of men. 3. Though with a severe lack of coal, the principle was not forced to close the school. 4. She is capable of making complete French meals even though with no cheese after salad. 5. When in doubt about the result of your test, call the test office. XI 1. Everything considered, this city is the world’s most exciting city. 2. Though with no approval from his parents, he went ahead with his plan to study abroad. 3. The bridge was named after the hero who gave his life for the cause of people. 4. It is said that the painter used his mother as the model in the painting whose face represented suffering yet strength. 5. The writer instantly rose to fame in 1950 with the publication of a novel inspired by his experience with a girl on a farm.
6. One story says that “US” was short for “Uncle Sam” whose real name was Sam Wilson, who had once worked with a man who had signed a contract with the government to provide meat to the US Army. XII 1. 这副画上一个神色严肃的男子，身旁站着一位女子，身后是所农舍。
XIII 1 A 2 C 3 B 4 D 5 B 6 D 7 A 8 C 9 A 10 B 11 A 12 C 13 A 14 C 15 C 16 A 17 D 18 D 19 A 20 D Unit 5 III 1. switch 2. decay 3. secured 4. loose 5. slid 6. privileges 7. interval 8. outline 9. preceding 10. shallow IV 1. reached for 2. feel for 3. trying to avoid breathing 4. so that 5. managed to accomplish 6. sense my thoughts 7. provide for 8. spared me 9. read about 10. go about V N I K G M L A F C D VI 1. pain 2. fear 3. tension 4. mind 5. stress 6. crisis 7. anger 8. anxiety 9. signs 10. hunger VII 1. growth: the act of growing or developing; physical or natural development 2. warmth: the state or quality of being warm; warm-heartedness and kindness 3. depth: the distance from the top to the bottom of something 4. truth: the state or quality of being true; the actual facts or reality of something 5. length: the measurement of how long something is in size 6. breadth: the distance from one side of something to the other 7. width: the distance from one side of something to the other; the quality of being wide 8. death: the state of being dead VIII 1. exposure 2. failures 3. disclosure 4. pressure 5. mountaineers 6. closure 7. profiteers 8. seizure IX 1. did he realize that the task was a little too difficult for the new secretary to finish on her own